The city is home to some of Bulgaria’s finest and oldest museums, and a number of arts festivals. In fact, over the past few decades, it has become a festival centre of international standing. Varna is also known for its century-old traditions in visual arts, music, and book publishing, as well as for its bustling current pop-culture scene.
Most Varna residents are ethnic Bulgarians (94%). Ethnic Turks rank second with 3%, and the city also has growing communities of Russian, Asian and African immigrants.
The city of Varna sees nearly 3500 live births each year, and of these 3.9% are born to young mothers (those who became pregnant before age 18). 19% are born to mothers over 35. In Bulgaria in general, there is a reported lack of knowledge about the benefits of breastfeeding, as well as a lack of a social programme to ensure adequate nutrition to pregnant and breastfeeding women from socially disadvantaged groups.